The news of the murder of Hazrat Usman (RA) spread like wild fire. The people were deeply shocked at this cruel and dastardly act of the regicides. The demand for taking revenge had resounded in every nook and corner of the Empire. Talha, Zubair and some other distinguished companions requested the new Caliph to give a severe and admonitory punishment to the murderers of Hazrat Usman (RA). Ali (AS) procrastinated. He fully realized the political situation of Basra, Kufa and fustat and was reluctant to take prompt action against those who were responsible for the high treason and murder of Hazrat Usman (RA). He intended doing so after the restoration of peace and order. According to his opinion if he tried to take any step against the rebels during the period of disturbance, it would disrupt and undermine the Empire of Islam. Ali (AS) was in a quandary as to what to do. His keen sense of justice demanded drastic action against the defaulters, whereas his unstable footing forbade him to do so. His prudence demanded patience but some people urged him to take the culprits to task without any delay. Moreover, Usman (RA) was not put to death by a few individuals. This horrible crime was perpetrated by numerous miscreants. It was an uphill task to trace out the actual murderers and execute them. Naila the devoted wife of the aged Caliph Usman (RA) was the only witness to the murder. She was unable to recognize the murderers except Muhammad bin Abi Bakr who felt abashed and withdrew. As it was a difficult problem to solve, Ali (AS) decided to settle this matter at a more appropriate time and waited for an opportunity to lay hands upon the actual criminals of this ignoble offence.
Demand of Retaliate Against the Murderers of Hazrat Usman (RA)