The Early Life of Hazrat Ali-al-Murtaza (AS) – Problem-Solver for the Mankind and Protector of Islam

Hazrat Ali-al-Murtaza (AS) was the son of Hazrat Abu Talib (RA), the most beloved uncle of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) and the grand-son of Hazrat Abdul Muttalib (RA). He was thus the first cousin of the Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam). Hazrat Ali (AS) appeared in 598 A.D. in the form of Noor (Light of Allah) within the building of Holy Kabah when his holy mother Hazrat Fatima Binte Asad (SA) and father Hazrat Abu Talib (RA) were doing Tawaf-e-Kabah (a kind of Ibadah). When the time of Hazrat Ali(AS)’s appearance came, his mother felt minor pain and suddenly Angel Jibreel-e-Ameen (AS) came and guided her to the holy building of Kabah whose walls had already cracked by the grace of Allah from one corner creating way into the building. She went into the Holy Kabah and after some minutes came out having a child on her holy hands whose body was shining like moon. She showed his son to her husband Hazrat Abu Talib (RA) who was very much glad with the blessings of Allah. Then they completed remaining rounds of Holy Kabah. During completing rounds of holy Kabah, they both were looking at the shining face of their son Hazrat Ali (AS) and their eyes were tearing with pleasure on the grant of this very special and very unique personality of the universe from Allah. They were again and again thanking Allah for His blessings. The thing that made them gloomy was that the son did not open his eyes nor did he take milk from his mother’s holy chest. Anyhow, after completing the remaining rounds of holy Kabah, they reached home. The sparks of shining body of Hazrat Ali (AS) attracted the people of Makkah who were coming to see this great personality and they were talking this is second personality in Hashim Family: first was Hazrat Muhammad (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) whose body was shining like moon when he appeared and the second is Hazrat Ali (AS) whose body is shining. People of Makkah were very happy on this common pleasure. Still the child did not open his eyes nor did he take milk. After three days, Holy Prophet Muhammad (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) with his holy wife Hazrat Khadija-tul-Kubra (SA) visited the house of Hazrat Abu Talib (RA) to see his cousin. As the Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) entered the door, Hazrat Abu Talib (RA) uttered hurriedly, “O my beloved nephew, this child has not yet opened his eyes nor has he taken milk of his mother and we both are worried of his being blind. The Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) smiled and asked his uncle to hand the child over to him. As the child came in the holy hands of the Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam), he immediately opened his beautiful eyes and saw Allah’s beloved Holy Prophet Muhammad (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam). When the child showed her tongue to the Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam), Hazrat Muhammad (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) entered his holy tongue in the holy mouth of the child enabling him to suck the light of Allah and thorough knowledge of Allah’s mysteries covering the entire universe.

Hazrat Abu Talib (RA) named his son Zaid whereas his wife named her son as Asad (Haider) which means Lion, but the reality is that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) named the child as Ali (AS) which means elevated and sublime, on the instruction of Allah (Allah).

One day the child was lying in his cradle, a viper crawled near him, the child caught hold of it before it could bite. The grip of the child was so tight that the venomous reptile died on the spot. On this occasion the mother exclaimed, “Long live my brave son!”. From this day, she began to call her son “Haider”. Later in his life, Hazrat Ali (AS) was popularly known as Abu Turab and Abu-al-Hasan.

The tribe Banu Hashim in which both the Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) and Hazrat Ali (AS) appeared, commanded great respect throughout Arabia. The honourable function of the custody of the sacred House of Allah (Kabah) was entrusted to this tribe. Hazrat Abu Talib (RA) owned a large area of land and other property inherited from his father Hazrat Abdul Muttalib (RA). However, the Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) liked to raise the child Hazrat Ali (AS) in his holy home and before his holy eyes. In his childhood, the Holy Prophet of Allah (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) was raised by his uncle Hazrat Abu Talib (RA). Hazrat Ali (AS) was brave and courageous from his early age. He was very fond of wrestling. His arrow rarely missed its target. He was a skillful swords-man that none other was like him. The Arabs were generally illiterate but Hazrat Ali (AS) was able to read and write. Hazrat Ali (AS) was a renowned scholar that none other was. He had perfect command over words and could make eloquent and impressive speeches. The Arabs were mainly polytheists before the advent of Islam. They used to worship idols and deities made of wood and stone, but tribe Banu Hashim never worshiped idols because it is linked with the family of Hazrat Abaraham (AS) and Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) who also never worshipped idols. Hazrat Ali (AS) was a very pious and noble man. He disliked all evils which were prevailing in the society at that time. The Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) polished his personality with natural qualities. This training left indelible marks on his mind. It gave him a keen vision and a passionate love for the truth. Due to his close association with the Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam), Hazrat Ali (AS) tried to become most perfect in every sphere of life and could easily make the distinction between the right and the wrong. He drank deep from the fountain of wisdom, piety and knowledge. He got inspiration and guidance direct from the Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam). So when the Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) invited the people of Banu Hashim to admit his Prophecy, the people of Banu Hashim needed proof, Hazrat Ali (AS) stood up and said, “I am the witness of the prophecy of Hazrat Muhammad (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) that he is Allah’s True Messenger and that there is no god but Allah who is Creator of the entire universe. On this witness, everyone, except two or three, admitted the prophecy of the Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) and became Muslims. The Holy Quran states that Allah is sufficient as the witness of His Messenger and he who possesses the knowledge of Allah’s Book i.e. Hazrat Ali (AS).

When the matter of marriage of Hazrat Muhammad (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam)’s beloved daughter arose, Allah sent His Angel Jibreel-e-Ameen (AS) with the message that marriage of Muhammad (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam)’s daughter Hazrat Syeda Fatima (SA) has been settled by Allah Himself with Hazrat Ali (AS) in Jannah and now Allah has stated that their relation as husband and wife be established by the Messenger through Nikah. All the more, Hazrat Ali (AS) is the one who offered prayer with Hazrat Muhammad (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) and his wife Hazrat Khadija-tul-Kubra (SA) in their early life much before the announcement of prophecy of the Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam). The Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) remarked: “Ali (AS) is my lieutenant and is my brother here in this world and in the Hereafter”.

When Quraish-e-Makkah plotted conspiracy against Hazrat Muhammad (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam), Hazrat Ali (AS) played important role to save the Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam). When Allah guided his Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) to migrate to Madina, Hazrat Ali (AS) slept on the bed of Hazrat Muhammad (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) while the Quraish-e-Makkah were thinking that Hazrat Muhammad (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) is sleeping and they would kill him. Although Quraish-e-Makkah called the Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) True (Sadiq) and Honest (Ameen) yet they had become his enemies because of the reason that he had announced a new religion which was totally against the faith of Quraish-e-Makkah. The Holy Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) handed over the charge of the trusts of Quraish-e-Makkah to Hazrat Ali (AS) with the advice to return them to the concerned, and migrated to Madina crossing through the mob of his enemies and none could notice him crossing through them. Soon after dusk the ruthless conspirators were posted in ambush around the house of Muhammad (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) to fall upon him as he ventured out early in the morning. When it was about dawn, they got up. The knocked at his door violently and saw someone sleeping on his bed. Hazrat Ali (AS) gave them the impression that the Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) was there and fostered the belief that their victim was in their hands. They hovered shamelessly over his bed with a hundred blades of unsheathed weapons. Soon Hazrat Ali (AS) the gallant cousin of the Messenger, got up. The conspirators recognized him and said, “Where is your companion?”. He replied, “I know not”. They lost their temper and arrested him. They kept Hazrat Ali (AS) imprisoned for some time and released him later, acting upon the suggestion of some sagacious men. Undoubtedly, it was a matter of risking his life. He did not care for his life in obedience to the command of his Master. It was a test case for his sincerity but he proved himself to be upto expectations. According to the command of the Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam), Hazrat Ali (AS) returned all sorts of deposits to the concerned owners and immediately set out for Medina. He began to live in Madina and helped in the construction of the first Mosque there. He carried bricks and other material like a labourer. On this occasion, the Prophet (Suallu Alaihe Wa Aalehi Wasallam) said, “Whosoever builds a Mosque and bears this burden and whosoever avoids it because of dust and dirt, both of them cannot be equal”.

 

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